Gk Question Answer Quiz English

Volcanoes and earthquakes Gk Questions Answers English

Top Volcanoes and earthquakes Gk Questions Answers In English For All Competitive Exams. You Will Read The Top Question And Answer Related To Volcanoes and earthquakes In This Post. This Can Be Asked In Any Competitive Exams, Must Read Once.

Volcanoes and earthquakes Gk Questions Answers In English

Q1.What are the pieces of lava and surface rocks collectively called as a result of volcanic eruption?

  1. lapilli
  2. scoria
  3. pyroclast
  4. brescia

Correct Ans: C. Pyroclast

Q2. What is the correct ascending order of types of volcanoes on the basis of intensity of eruption?

  1. Aerial equivalent, Vulcanian equivalent, Peilian equivalent, Stromboli equivalent
  2. Aerial Tunes, Vulcanian Tunes, Stromboli Tunes, Peilian Tunes
  3. Aerial equivalent, Stromboli equivalent, Peilian equivalent, Vulcanian equivalent
  4. Aerial equivalent, Stromboli equivalent, Vulcanian equivalent, Peilian equivalent

Correct Ans: D. Aerial equivalent, Stromboli equivalent, Vulcanian equivalent, Peilian equivalent

Q3.Elastic recirculation theory explains the origin of which of the following?

  1. earthquake
  2. Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  3. Volcano
  4. cyclone

Correct Ans: A. Earthquake

Q4.A Valley of smokes is found in?

  1. in Antarctica
  2. in the Hawaiian Islands
  3. In Alaska
  4. in the Mediterranean

Correct Ans: C. in Alaska

Q5.Who has propounded the elastic recrystallization theory related to the origin of earthquake?

  1. jolly
  2. Daily
  3. Homes
  4. reed

Correct Ans: D. reed

Q6.Which of the following is not a dead volcano?

  1. Mounaloa
  2. Demvand
  3. Chimborejo
  4. Koh Sultan

Correct Ans: A. Maunaloa

Q7.The main source of reliable information about the internal structure of the earth is?

  1. Volcano
  2. Pressure and Density
  3. Seismology
  4. Temperature

Correct Ans: C. Seismology

Q8.Which of the following is not an active volcano?

  1. Etna
  2. Cotopaxi
  3. Stromboli
  4. Kilimanjaro

Correct Ans: D. Kilimanjaro

Q9.The place where seismic waves originate in the Earth’s womb is called what?

  1. Earthquake Center
  2. eclogite
  3. Epicentre
  4. earthquake epicenter

Correct Ans: A. Earthquake Center

Q10.Which of the following is a dormant volcano?

  1. Krakatao
  2. Etna
  3. Mounaloa
  4. Stromboli

Correct Ans: A. Krakatoa

Q11.Focus of earthquake is the place where-

  1. From where after the origin of the earthquake, its waves travel to the place located just below and come back again.
  2. None of the above.
  3. Seismic waves on the surface are first known.
  4. From where the earthquake originates.

Correct Ans: D. From where the earthquake originates.

Q12. Mount Erebus volcano is located in which of the following continent?

  1. Antarctica
  2. Africa
  3. Europe
  4. Asia

Correct Ans: A. Antarctica

Q13.Epicentre is a point of an earthquake, which is related to?

  1. The place where an earthquake is felt.
  2. The point on the surface where the first shock is felt.
  3. from the origin of the earthquake inside the earth
  4. from the Earth’s surface above the epicenter of the earthquake

Correct Ans: D. from the Earth’s surface above the epicenter of the earthquake

Q14.Which of the following is the highest volcanic mountain in the world?

  1. Mount Tal
  2. Mount Cotopaxi
  3. Mount Pinatubo
  4. Mount Kilimanjaro

Correct Ans: B. Mount Cotopaxi

Q15.The point on the earth’s surface just above the epicenter of an earthquake is called?

  1. Epicentre
  2. middle center
  3. end-center
  4. origin center

Correct Ans: A. Epicentre

Q16.Where is Stromboli Volcano located?

  1. In Lipari Island
  2. in the Hawaiian Islands
  3. in Martinique Island
  4. In Lakshadweep

Correct Ans: A. In Lipari Island

Q17. Are there surface waves in an earthquake?

  1. primary waves
  2. primary and secondary waves
  3. accessory waves
  4. L waves

Correct Ans: D. L waves

Q18.Which of the following is not correctly matched?

  1. Dormant Volcano – Krakatoa
  2. Dormant Volcano – Etna
  3. Quiet Volcano – Demvand
  4. Wake Volcano – Stromboli

Correct Ans: B. Dormant Volcano – Etna

Q19.Which of the following seismic waves cause maximum damage?

  1. long dorsal
  2. horizontal
  3. primary
  4. secondary

Correct Ans: A. Long dorsal

Q20.Which is the most volcanic region in the world?

  1. Western Islands
  2. Indonesia Islands
  3. Philippine Islands
  4. Japan Islands

Correct Ans: C. Philippine Islands

Q21.Which of the following statement is not correct?

  1. The Richter scale is a logarithmic scale.
  2. The Richter scale is an instrument to measure the intensity of an earthquake.
  3. This scale measures the energy of an earthquake.
  4. None of these.

Correct Ans: D. None of these.

Q22.What is the amount of water vapor in the gas released during the eruption of a volcano?

  1. 60 to 70 percent
  2. 80 to 90 percent
  3. 40 to 50 percent
  4. 50 to 60 percent

Correct Ans: D. 50 to 60 percent

Q23.What are sea waves produced by intra-oceanic earthquakes called?

  1. scale
  2. chem
  3. circ
  4. Tsunami

Correct Ans: D. Tsunami

Q24.Which of the following gas is not released during volcanic eruption?

  1. ammonia
  2. Carbon Dioxide
  3. oxygen
  4. hydrogen

Correct Ans: C. Oxygen

Q25.Which of the following is the main cause of Tsunami?

  1. cyclone
  2. anticyclone
  3. Volcano
  4. earthquake

Correct Ans: D. Earthquake

Q26.Craters (Volcanic holes) are mainly of which shape?

  1. conical
  2. vertical
  3. circular
  4. funnel

Correct Ans: D. funnel

Q27.Which of the following region has the highest number of earthquakes (about 63%’) in the world?

  1. Mid Atlantic Belt
  2. Indian Ocean Belt
  3. Pacific Ocean Belt
  4. Mid Continental Belt

Correct Ans: C. Pacific Ocean Belt

Q28.Which volcano erupted in the Philippines after being dormant for nearly six centuries?

  1. Mount Ungen
  2. Mount Pinetubo
  3. Mount Baron
  4. Mount Fujiyama

Correct Ans: B. Mount Pinetubo

Q29. Earthquakes have an effect on the continental parts as well as on the oceanic parts and due to this, fierce waves are generated in the oceans. What are these waves known as?

  1. Sadashiv
  2. Tsunami
  3. tidal reef
  4. Seaches Waves

Correct Ans: B. Tsunami

Q30.What is Pyroclastics?

  1. nontoxic gas
  2. Steam Explosive
  3. hot rock fragments and lava
  4. lava level

Correct Ans: C. Hot rock fragments and lava

Q31.Tsunami is a word of which language?

  1. Japanese
  2. sugar
  3. German
  4. Portuguese

Correct Ans: A. Japanese

Q32.El-Misti volcano is in which country?

  1. Peru
  2. Colombia
  3. Italy
  4. chile

Correct Ans: A. Peru

Q33.In which country the destructive sea waves caused by earthquake are called tsunami?

  1. UK
  2. New Zealand
  3. Mexico
  4. Japan

Correct Ans: D. Japan

Q34. In which of the following continent is Mount Kilimanjaro located?

  1. Africa
  2. Australia
  3. Asia
  4. Europe

Correct Ans: A. Africa

Q35.What is a seismic wave that cannot pass through liquids?

  1. L
  2. S
  3. P
  4. none of these

Correct Ans: B. S

Q36.Krakatao Volcano is located in which of the following island group?

  1. In Indonesia
  2. Western Islands
  3. in Papua New Guinea
  4. In the Spratly Islands

Correct Ans: D. in the Spratly Islands

Q37.The reactor scale is used to measure?

  1. Earthquake intensity
  2. density of the liquid
  3. air humidity
  4. wind velocity

Correct Ans: A. Earthquake intensity

Q38.Mounaloa is an example-

  1. Dead Volcano
  2. of the plateau in the volcano zone
  3. Dormant Volcano
  4. active volcano

Correct Ans: D. Active Volcano

Q39.Seismograph is used to measure what?

  1. to the tide
  2. seismic waves
  3. Sea Waves
  4. none of these

Correct Ans: B. Seismic Waves

Q40. In which country is the Vesuvius Volcano located?

  1. Indonesia
  2. Mexico
  3. Kenya
  4. Italy

Correct Ans: D. Italy

Q41.Seismography is the science of what?

  1. mountain
  2. Volcano
  3. rivers
  4. earthquake

Correct Ans: D. Earthquake

Q42.Which one of the following is not a volcanic mountain?

  1. Vesuvius
  2. Vasage
  3. Fujiyama
  4. Andes

Correct Ans: B. Vasage

Q43.What is the line joining places of equal seismic intensity, that is, equal destruction, called?

  1. isotherm
  2. isobars
  3. seismic line
  4. no line

Correct Ans: C. seismic line

Q44. On which island is Mount Etna volcano located?

  1. Corsica
  2. Tristan-de-Cunha
  3. Lipari
  4. Sicily

Correct Ans: D. Sisley

Q45. The line joining those places of an area where earthquake is experienced simultaneously is called-

  1. isopycink line
  2. isogonal line
  3. seis line
  4. seismic line

Correct Ans: D. Seismic Line

Q46.Where is Air Bus Volcano located?

  1. Antarctica Continent
  2. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  3. Atlantic Ocean
  4. Arctic Ocean

Correct Ans: A. Antarctica Continent

Q47. What is the size of Iso Seismal Line?

  1. circular
  2. unilinear
  3. regular
  4. irregular

Correct Ans: D. Irregular

Q48.fausa magna is a-

  1. Corruption Mountain
  2. Rift Valley
  3. Volcano
  4. V-Shaped Canyon

Correct Ans: C. Volcano

Q49.The cause of earthquake is-

  1. geo-rotating
  2. snack
  3. Ground Cruises
  4. Tectonism

Correct Ans: D. Tectonism

Q50.Which of the following is called the Light House of the Mediterranean sea?

  1. p. Islands of Mount Peel
  2. Mexico’s Paracutin
  3. Stromboli of Sicily
  4. Vesuvius of Italy

Correct Ans: C. Stromboli of Sicily

Q51.Which of the following event does not occur on the ground?

  1. erosion
  2. Tsunami
  3. Volcano
  4. weathering

Correct Ans: B. Tsunami

Q52.Fujiyama is the volcanic mountain of which country?

  1. Kenya
  2. Mexico
  3. Italy
  4. Japan

Correct Ans: D. Japan

Q53.Which of the following is a non-presumable natural disaster?

  1. tornado
  2. fragmentation
  3. earthquake
  4. cyclone

Correct Ans: C. Earthquake

Q54. In which country is the dead volcano Kilimanjaro located?

  1. Mexico
  2. No. Ra. a.
  3. Italy
  4. Tanzania

Correct Ans: D. Tanzania

Q55.Which one of the following causes earthquakes in the eastern frontiers of Asia?

  1. Diffusion of Indian plate under Asian plate
  2. Diffusion of the American Plate under the Pacific Plate
  3. Divergence of the Pacific Plate under the Asian Plate
  4. The subduction of the African plate under the European plate

Correct Ans: C. Divergence of the Pacific Plate under the Asian Plate

Q56. What type of volcano is Stromboli?

  1. dormant
  2. dead or quiet
  3. awake
  4. none of these

Correct Ans: C. awake

Q57.Which of the following is called ‘Nature’s safety valve’?

  1. Volcano
  2. rivers
  3. earthquake
  4. Ozone Gas

Correct Ans: A. Volcano

Q58. Where is the world’s highest volcano Mount Cotopaxi located?

  1. Ecuador
  2. Hawaii Islands
  3. Japan
  4. Philippines

Correct Ans: A. Ecuador

Q59.Which of the following statements about volcanoes is true?

  1. Often the round funnel hill or mountainous part expands around their tube.
  2. Volcanoes are classified into three major types whether awake, dormant or dead.
  3. It is a tube in the earth’s crust through which the molten rocks (magma) and other materials of the earth come out.
  4. all of the above

Correct Ans: D. All of the above

Q60.Which of the following is not an example of a volcanic mountain?

  1. Mount Black
  2. Mount Kilimanjaro
  3. Mount Etna
  4. Mount Fujiyama

Correct Ans: A. Mount Black

Q61.Which one of the following is not included in the three classes of volcanoes classified on the basis of their frequency of occurrence?

  1. Dead Volcano
  2. Compound Volcano
  3. Wake Volcano
  4. Dormant Volcano

Correct Ans: B. Compound Volcano

Q62. In which of the following regions are most active volcanoes of the world found?

  1. Pari Prashant Belt
  2. Africa’s Fault Valley
  3. Mid Continental Belt
  4. Mid Atlantic Belt

Correct Ans: A. Pari Prashant Belt

Q63.Which volcano erupts most often?

  1. dead volcano
  2. Quiet Volcano
  3. Wake Volcano
  4. Dormant Volcano

Correct Ans: C. Wake Volcano

Q64.What is the name of the volcanic belt that surrounds the Pacific Ocean?

  1. Fire Series
  2. Solf Star
  3. Nuis Ardette
  4. hernito

Correct Ans: A. Fire Series

Q65.Which volcano has not erupted since historical times?

  1. Quiet Volcano
  2. Dead Volcano
  3. Wake Volcano
  4. Dormant Volcano

Correct Ans: B. Dead Volcano

Q66.Most active volcanoes in the world are found?

  1. in the new twisty mountain areas
  2. in the plains
  3. In the ancient plateau regions
  4. In the deep ocean plains

Correct Ans: A. in the new twisty mountain areas

Q67.What is a volcano that erupts after being quiet for a long time?

  1. active volcano
  2. dormant volcano
  3. Dead Volcano
  4. dormant volcano

Correct Ans: D. Dormant Volcano

Q68.Most of the world’s volcanic events occur?

  1. with the help of a twisted mesh
  2. On Destructive Plate Edges
  3. Creative Plate Edges
  4. by the fault line

Correct Ans: B. On destructive plate edges

Q69.The molten material under the solid rocks of the Earth’s crust, which sometimes comes to the upper surface of the earth with the eruption of a volcano, is called are?

  1. Marsh
  2. meseta
  3. magma
  4. Macuses

Correct Ans: C. Magma

Q70.Where is the largest volcano in the world located?

  1. Around Indian Ocean
  2. Around the Arctic Ocean
  3. Around the Andhra Ocean
  4. Around the Pacific Ocean

Correct Ans: D. Around the Pacific Ocean

Q71.When do the Pale’s Tear originate?

  1. At the time of volcanic eruption
  2. at the time of mountain formation
  3. times of earthquake
  4. from Plate Tectonics

Correct Ans: A. At the time of volcanic eruption

Q72.Which statement is true about Paintpot?

  1. Gasers are commonly found with it.
  2. Pantpots are found in Yellow Stone National Park in the USA.
  3. A hole in a volcanic region from which hot and dark colored mud comes out.
  4. All of the above.

Correct Ans: D. All of the above.

Q73.Crater and Caldera topographies are related to which of the following?

  1. wind action
  2. glacial action
  3. meteor shower
  4. Volcanic Action

Correct Ans: D. Volcanic action

Q74.Lacolith is related to-

  1. from mountain building
  2. From Continental Flow
  3. from the volcano
  4. by earthquake

Correct Ans: C. From the Volcano

Q75.Which of the following topography is not associated with volcanic activity?

  1. Gasser
  2. fiord
  3. crater
  4. caldera

Correct Ans: B. Fiord

Q76.Which is called the Circle of Fire?

  1. Pacific Circle
  2. Arctic Circle
  3. Atlantic Circle
  4. Hind Paramkhela

Correct Ans: A. Pacific Circle

Q77.Which topography is not formed by volcanic action?

  1. sill and dyke
  2. Vispar
  3. Lava Plateau
  4. lava field

Correct Ans: B. Vispar

Q78.Which is the continent which does not have a single volcano?

  1. Africa
  2. Europe
  3. Australia
  4. Antarctica

Correct Ans: C. Australia

Q79.Caldera is related to-

  1. from the volcano
  2. from the fault
  3. from the glacier
  4. by earthquake

Correct Ans: A. From the Volcano

Q80.Circle of Fire is the large area of ​​the Pacific Ocean where the total number of earthquakes is called………..?

  1. 30%’
  2. 25%’
  3. 68%’
  4. 40%’

Correct Ans: C. 68%’